Armenia – Facts and Figures
The Republic of Armenia was incorporated into Russia in 1828 and the USSR in 1920. The country has finally gained it's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Surrounded by mountains, Armenia is a mountainous, landlocked country, on the southeastern edge of Europe, and at the gateway to the Middle East, and all of Asia . Armenia is a very mountainous country, almost totally covered by the Lesser ( or Little ) Caucasus Mountains . The highest point is Mt. Aragats at 13,418 ft. (4,090m) . Lake Sevan is the largest lake and it sits 6,000 ft, (2000m) above sea level. Significant rivers include the Aras, Debet and Razdan.
The country is divided into 10 provinces and 1 city, Yerevan , being the capital city of Armenia . The regions are; Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lori,. Shirak, Syunik, Tavush, Vayots Dzor. To view map,click here.
Ever since the devastating earthquake, Armenia has lost it's population by over 1 million. Due to lack of shelter, poverty and unemployment, people migrated to the surrounding countries and as far as U.S. and Canada to seek a better life style. As of July 2005, population of Armenia is at an estimated figure of 2,982,904, with over 46% of the entire population residing in the urban/rural areas.
Armenia has gone through a major economic turmoil for the past 2 decades. Independence from the USSR , ongoing war with the Azerbaijan , border closure with Azerbaijan and Turkey were all factors which had a tremendous impact on the economy.
The World Bank defines extreme poverty as, a family of four, living under the national poverty line, making less than a $1 a day. The latest report (as of 2003) indicated that 43 percent of the entire population, with 46% of whom living in the rural areas are in the category of the Extreme Poverty.
Per UNDP latest survey (as of 2004), unemployment rate can rise up to 76% in many rural areas.